Forewing Differences Between Honey Bees From Banat and Central Serbia
1Assistant Professor, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, 11000, Belgrade-Zemun, Republic of Serbia
The first written record of the varieties of honey bees in Serbia can be found in the work of Grozdanić (1926) who performed morphological comparisons of honey bee samples from Banat with A. m. carnica, A. m. ligustica, A. m. cypria and A. m. syriaca and suggested the separation of the bees from Banat into subspecies A. m. banatica. Due to the adaptable abilities of bees to specific habitat conditions in the Pannonian plain, it is assumed that different geographic ecotypes were created there.
Because of this the aim of our research was to analyse a part of morphological characters of honey bees from Banat and to compare them with honey bees from Central Serbia, in order to help distinguish and preserve indigenous honey bee varietes.
The samples were collected in three different locations in Banat and one location in Central Serbia. In this study, 14 morphometric characters were measured in accordance with the standard method. By means of a variance analysis very significant differences were determined between the examined bee groups. On the basis of LSD test we have determined that some honey bee groups from Banat differed very significantly (P<0.01) from honey bees in Central Serbia regarding A4, D7 and E9 angles. Honey bees from Uljma (Southern Banat region) differed very significantly from all examined groups of honey bees as regards the size of O26 angle (42.11±3.03o). Group of bees from Central Serbia had a very significantly larger width of forewing in relation to Banat honey bees. Investigation of morphometric characters on the forewing could contribute to a clearer separation of groups of bees inside domestic population.
Key words: honey bee, morphometry, forewing, ecotype, Serbia