Effects of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles on Honey Bees (Apis millefera L.)

In global industry, the steady pursuance of miniaturization has led to the creation of minute particles, the nanoparticles (NPs; 0.1– 100 nm).The industrial division that deals with NPs is defined as nanotechnology, which is still young and promising and has been developing quickly for the last 20 years. Unluckily, very limited information is available about the risks of using NPs. Nano toxicology is the branch that analyzes the adverse effects of NPs and their influence on the environment . Serious ecological consequences and effects on human and animal health have been found to be related to the presence of NPs in bio systems.  Among the most important pollinators that faced many threats by environmental pollution, pest control and potentially, by products of nanotechnologies is the honey bees. Therefore, there is a crucial need for investigating the potential toxic effects of heavy metals NPs on honey bees.


Al Naggar Y. Effects of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles on Honey Bees (Apis millefera L.). J Aquat Pollut Toxicol. 2016, 1:1

IPJAPT-16-02- Yahya- Editorial.pdf
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Ricola Foundation


University of Bern

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