Standard methods for artificial rearing of Apis mellifera larvae.

Karl Crailsheim1*†, Robert Brodschneider1†, Pierrick Aupinel2, Dieter Behrens3, Elke Genersch4, Jutta Vollmann1, Ulrike Riessberger-Gallé1†.

1Department of Zoology, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Universitätsplatz 2, 8010 Graz, Austria.
2INRA, UE1255, UE Entomologie, F-17700 Surgères, France.
3Institute of Biology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Hoher Weg 4, 06099 Halle (Saale), Germany.
4Institute for Bee Research Hohen Neuendorf, Friedrich-Engels-Str. 32, 16540 Hohen Neuendorf, Germany.
Received 26 March 2012, accepted subject to revision 13 August 2012, accepted for publication 25 October 2012.

*Corresponding author: Email:

The first two authors and the last author contributed equally to this paper.