6.3. Aversive conditioning in harnessed bees

In the shuttle box (Fig. 6) situation bees are able to move within the confines of the chamber. It is also possible to study bees using aversive stimuli when their movement is restricted by harnessing. Harnessing has a number of advantages over the shuttle box in that the training variables such as stimulus intensity can be more precisely controlled and it is easier to measure physiological responses. It is also easier to put a bee in a harness than to put it in a shuttle box. However, the harnessing technique is not as versatile as the shuttle box technique, as you cannot perform escape experiments.

6.3.2. Aversive conditioning of sting extension