6.5. Training variables and aversive stimuli

Aversive conditioning is influenced by many training variables. These variables should be considered in the design and interpretation of aversive conditioning experiments (Abramson, 1994). Very few of these variables have been systematically manipulated in honey bee aversive conditioning studies (Giurfa et al., 2009). An overview of important training variables and their effects is given in Table 3.

6.5.2. Nonstandard aversive stimuli

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