Standard use of Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques in honey bee research.

Authors: Stephanie R Rogers, Benno Staub.

Table of contents

 

Authors
Summary
1. Introduction
2. What is GIS?
   2.1. Definition
   2.2. GIS framework

      2.2.1. Vector data structure
      2.2.2 Raster data structure
   2.3. GIS functionalities
      2.3.1. Database management
      2.3.2. Geoprocessing and spatial analysis
      2.3.3. Data visualisation and map creation
3. Geographic data
   3.1. File types and extensions
   3.2. Common GIS data types

      3.2.1. Maps
      3.2.2. Aerial imagery
      3.2.3. Satellite imagery
      3.2.4. Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
      3.2.5. Thematic vector data
4. Coordinate systems
   4.1. Geographic coordinate systems
   4.2. Projected coordinate systems
5. Types of GIS software
   5.1. COTS GIS - ArcGIS
   5.2. FOSS GIS - QGIS
   5.3. Tutorial data
6. Using ArcGIS (version 10.1)
   6.1. Main components of ArcGIS

      6.1.1. ArcMap
      6.1.2. ArcCatalog
      6.1.3. ArcToolbox
   6.2. Navigating the software
      6.2.1. Help menus
      6.2.2. Search window
      6.2.3. Toolbars
      6.2.4. General reminders, shortcuts, timesavers
   6.3. Setting the coordinate system and adding data to ArcMap
      6.3.1. Setting a coordinate system and saving a new map document (*.mxd)
      6.3.2. Add data button
      6.3.3. Importing vector and raster data
         6.3.3.1. Importing XY data from text files
         6.3.3.2. Importing GPS data (*.gpx files)
      6.3.4. Layer organisation and navigation
      6.3.5. Layer properties
   6.4. Database investigations and editing
      6.4.1. Queries
         6.4.1.1. Select by attributes
         6.4.1.2. Select by location
         6.4.1.3. Manual selection
      6.4.2. Creating new layers from selected data
      6.4.3. Attribute table data editing
      6.4.4. Add new field
         6.4.4.1. Advanced table calculations
   6.5. Basic vector tools
      6.5.1. Clip
      6.5.2. Intersect
      6.5.3. Union
      6.5.4. Spatial join
      6.5.5. Buffer(s)
         6.5.5.1. Single buffer
         6.5.5.2. Multiple ring buffers
      6.5.6. Summary statistics
      6.5.7. Dissolve
      6.5.8. Project
      6.5.9. Layer to KML and import to Google Earth
   6.6. Basic raster tools
      6.6.1. Mosaic
      6.6.2. Surface Analysis
         6.6.2.1. Slope
         6.6.2.2. Aspect
         6.6.2.3. Hillshade
         6.6.2.4. Contour
      6.6.3. Zonal statistics
      6.6.4. Raster calculator
   6.7. Format conversions
      6.7.1. Vector to raster
      6.7.2. Raster to vector
   6.8. Spatial Statistics
      6.8.1. Analysing patterns
      6.8.2. Mapping clusters
      6.8.3. Measuring geographic distributions
      6.8.4. Modelling spatial relationships
   6.9. Case study – zonal statistics with land cover properties
      6.9.1. Downloading data and changing projection
      6.9.2. Adding vector layer and changing document properties
      6.9.3. Clipping to study area extent
      6.9.4. Applying a colour map
      6.9.5. Selecting and labelling land cover values
      6.9.6. Conditional expressions using the raster calculator
      6.9.7. Zonal statistics of land cover values within buffers
      6.9.8. Joining statistical information to attribute table
      6.9.9. Adding and populating a new field in attribute table
      6.9.10. Visualisation of attributes using graphs and charts
   6.10. Map creation
      6.10.1. Data view vs. layout view
      6.10.2. Symbology
      6.10.3. Labels
      6.10.4. Advanced symbolization
      6.10.5. Final map preparation
      6.10.6. North arrow, scale bar, legend, title, text
      6.10.7. Drawing toolbar
      6.10.8. Adding a grid
      6.10.9. Exporting a map
      6.10.10. Cloud mapping and ArcGIS Explorer
7. Using Quantum GIS (version 1.8.0.)
   7.1. Main components of QGIS

      7.1.1. QGIS Desktop
      7.1.2. QGIS Browser
      7.1.3. Plugins
   7.2. Navigating the software
      7.2.1. Help menu and tooltips
      7.2.2. User guide and documentation
   7.3. Adding data and working with different file formats
      7.3.1. Setting a coordinate system and saving the new QGIS project (*.qgs)
      7.3.2. Add data to the project
      7.3.3. Importing vector and raster data
         7.3.3.1. Add delimited text layer (*.txt, *.csv)
         7.3.3.2. GPS and KML data, working with different coordinate systems
      7.3.4. Layer organisation and navigation
      7.3.5. Layer properties
   7.4. Data selection and editing
      7.4.1. Spatial query and select by location
      7.4.2. Select by attributes
      7.4.3. Manual selection
      7.4.4. Creating new layers from selected data
      7.4.5. Attribute table data editing
   7.5. Format conversions and projections
      7.5.1. Vector to raster
      7.5.2. Raster to vector
      7.5.3. Reproject data to a new coordinate reference system (CRS)
   7.6. Basic vector tools
      7.6.1. Buffer(s)
      7.6.2. Clip
      7.6.3. Intersect
      7.6.4. Dissolve
      7.6.5. Union
      7.6.6. Join attributes by location
      7.6.7. Basic statistics, list unique values
   7.7. Basic raster tools
      7.7.1. Merge
      7.7.2. Terrain analysis
         7.7.2.1. Slope
         7.7.2.2. Aspect
         7.7.2.3. Hillshade
         7.7.2.4. Contour
      7.7.3. Raster calculator
   7.8. Spatial statistics and scientific modelling
      7.8.1. Example 1: Computing mean coordinates
      7.8.2. Example 2: Nearest Neighbour Analysis and Distance matrix
      7.8.3. Example 3: Computing intersections between a DEM and planes
   7.9. Case study – zonal statistics with land cover properties
      7.9.1. Downloading and extracting
      7.9.2. Projecting data into another coordinate reference system (CRS)
      7.9.3. Clipping to study area extent
      7.9.4. Raster layer styling and predefined colour maps
      7.9.5. Conditional expressions using the raster calculator
      7.9.6. Zonal statistics of land cover values within buffers
      7.9.7. Visualisation of attribute values
      7.9.8. Mathematical operations using the field calculator
      7.9.9. Joining attributes from other vector layers
   7.10. Map creation
      7.10.1. Layer styling and labelling
      7.10.2. Print composer
      7.10.3. North arrow, scale bar, legend, title, labels
      7.10.4. Exporting a map
      7.10.5. Cloud mapping and sharing maps online
8. Future perspectives
9. Acknowledgements
10. References