6.10.6. North arrow, scale bar, legend, title, text

To add a north arrow:

  1. From Layout view, click Insert (main menu).
  2. Click North arrow.
  3. Select the style of the north arrow.
  4. Click OK.

To add a scale bar:

  1. Click Insert.
  2. Select Scale bar.
  3. Choose the style.
  4. Click Properties.
  5. Select the number of divisions and units.
  6. Click OK.
  7. Click OK again.
  8. Double-click Scale to change the properties.

To add a legend:

  1. Click Insert.
  2. Select Legend.
  3. Choose the layers to add to the legend.
  4. Click Next.
  5. Choose the legend title.
  6. Click Next.
  7. Choose a border, background, or shadow.
  8. Click Next.
  9. Click Next again.
  10. Click Finish.

To add a title or other text:

  1. Click Insert.
  2. Click Text.
  3. Type the text.
  4. Hit Enter.
  5. Double-click on the text box to open the properties.
  6. Change the size and font.
  7. Click OK.

Once added to the map, you can double-click on any feature in the layout view to open its properties. Also, the scale bar and legend are linked directly to the map, therefore they change as the map changes. For example, the scale bar will adjust to the scale of the map, and the legend items will adjust if the symbologies or names of layers change in the TOC. To adjust these features manually they must first be converted into graphics and ungrouped.

To manually change the legend:

  1. Right-click the legend.
  2. Select Convert to graphics (this unlinks the feature from the map).
  3.  Right-click the legend again.
  4. Select Ungroup to have the ability to select individual features and edit them (some features required a second “ungrouping” to be editable, e.g. the symbols and labels).
  5. Select the item to edit.

Note: once the item has been converted to graphics, there is no going back (you would have to insert the item again from scratch) and, the item is no longer dynamically linked to the map contents. Therefore changing layers and map scales will no longer change legend items or scales. It is recommended that conversion to graphics is the final step in the map creation process.