5.1. Types of cages in which to maintain adult workers in the laboratory
Generally, three types of cage design exist for maintaining adult worker honey bees outside of a colony in a laboratory:
a) caged on a frame (i.e. using a frame cage)
b) caged off a frame in a group (i.e. using a hoarding cage)
c) caged off a frame individually (i.e. using an isolation cage)
these types numerous variants exist (Fig. 11). Yet, despite the diversity of
cage designs, very little work has investigated the influence of these differences
on results of experiments using honey bees.