5.3.2. Examples of hoarding cages in which to maintain adult workers in the laboratory
Classic hoarding cages are shaped similar to frame
cages, and also contain one or two sides that may be removed (Fig. 13),
although other designs exist that are cup-shaped (Fig. 14) or are modifications
of the classic design with the cage rested on its side so that the top is
removable (Figs. 15 and 16).
Fig. 13. Examples of ‘classic’ hoarding cages equipped with transparent and removable sides, ventilation holes, and multiple inputs for feeding devices. Cages courtesy of the Swiss Bee Research Centre (left) and INRA (right).
Fig. 16. Magnification of the sliding, removable top of the cage presented in Fig. 15. Note the removed corner to facilitate addition or removal of honey bees. Cage courtesy of Szent István University.