7.6.4. Recommendations for sterilising and detoxifying bee products fed to caged adult workers in the laboratory

Development of specific protocols to sterilise and detoxify food made from bee products against a broad range of pathogens and environmental contaminants is urgently required. Until then, use of non-honey bee products (sections,, provide a relatively effective, safe, and standardised approach to supplying food to honey bees. If bee products are fed to caged workers, those products collected from colonies in non-intensive agricultural areas, or from colonies certified as organic, provides a good alternative because they will contain limited chemicals residues and can be sterilised using radiation to kill pathogens.