4.6.5. Conclusion

This program is a sophisticated tool for further study of stressors on brood development and the impact of stressors on colony level in field situations. The parameter “brood development” provides additional information about the vitality and plasticity of honey bee colonies confronted with stressors. Stressors are not restricted to pesticides but can also be read as the impact of pathogens and the environmental, both in terms of feed and pollution.