1. Introduction

This chapter describes field and lab procedures for doing experiments on honey bee pollination. Most of the methods apply to any insect for which pollen vectoring capacity is the question. What makes honey bee pollination distinctive is its historic emphasis on agricultural applications; hence one finds a preoccupation with matters of bee densities, behaviours, and management with a view to optimizing crop yields and quality. However, the same methods can be modified to address broader questions on plant fitness and ecosystem-level interactions.