5.3. Appraising risk of competition between plants for pollination

If the target crop blooms in synchrony with neighbouring weeds or crops, there is a risk that it will not be well serviced by a limited pool of pollinators. This underscores the need to monitor forager density on the target crop. It may be useful to gauge the distribution of bees among competing plants species; see the methods outlined in section 4.1. for possible approaches. The most convenient technique may be to use pollen traps to measure the relative proportions of pollen income from different forage sources if bees are collecting pollen from all sources.

The BEEBOOK