Wing venation pattern analysis

Particular discrepancies exist in the measurement and analysis of wing venation, whose pattern variation is of specific interest in insect taxonomy in general. Due to their key role and the current interest, they are discussed here in greater depth. At present, three different main approaches are in use: classical wing morphometry as defined by Ruttner (1988), the DAWINO (Discriminant Analysis With Numerical Output) method (www.beedol.cz), and geometric wing shape analysis (Bookstein, 1991).