Figure 5

Fig. 5. PCR products of Nosema-infected bees from which DNA has been extracted and amplified by PCR using the multiplex primer mix Mnapis F, Mnbombi F, Mnceranae F and Muniv-R to reveal N. apis, N. bombi and N. ceranae: 1. N. apis + N. bombi + N. ceranae; 2. N. apis + N. ceranae; 3. N. apis + N. bombi; 4. N. ceranae + N. bombi; 5. N. apis; 6. N. bombi; 7. N. ceranae; 8. Control, no template; 9. Apis mellifera negative control; 10. Bombus spp. negative control; 11. size ladder.
Figure 5
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