2.4.5. Molecular diagnostics

Below we describe and reference tools for using modern molecular-biology techniques to diagnose SHB. They can also be used to gain knowledge about the introduction(s) of this beetle from Africa into and among the current ranges (Lounsberry et al., 2010). This will elucidate pest populations and invasion pathways and contribute to knowledge of how this parasite expands in new populations (Lounsberry et al., 2010). These tools will also enable future studies to better understand SHB behaviour, health, and other aspects of their biology. We here cover only DNA techniques.