12.4.1. Training and accreditation

The International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) is an international cooperation of laboratory and inspection accreditation bodies created more than 30 years ago. It has published specific requirements and guides for laboratories and accreditation bodies. Under the ILAC system, ISO/IEC 17025 is to be used for accreditation. This procedure attests for the laboratory’s technical competence and the reliability of its results. In each country, a sole national accreditation body is designated, as the French Accreditation Committee (COFRAC) in France, the Deutsche Akkreditierungsstelle GmbH (DAssK) in Germany or the Swedish Board for Accreditation and Conformity Assessment (SWEDAC) in Sweden. Performance of the method must thus be validated according to the OIE or AFNOR standards and approved by the national accreditation committee of each country. Furthermore, inter-laboratory proficiency tests should be carried out to evaluate the reproducibility of the method.