# 3.1. Introduction

Whether experimenting or conducting surveys,
data will be generated that will need to be analysed, and this requires the use
of statistics. Fortunately, there are excellent statistical tools available
right now for helping design experiments, determining the sample size needed to
be able to make certain conclusions, for analysing the data and for modelling
and prediction. It is highly recommended to include an expert statistician in
the project right from the beginning, at the design stage. It will mean that
the experiment is set up correctly, that sampling is as efficient as possible
and that the data are analysed correctly. The most important statistical
concepts and practices relevant to honey bee research and surveying are covered
in the *BEEBOOK* paper on statistical
methods (Pirk *et al.,* 2013), to which
the reader is referred to for guidance.