3.1. Introduction

Whether experimenting or conducting surveys, data will be generated that will need to be analysed, and this requires the use of statistics. Fortunately, there are excellent statistical tools available right now for helping design experiments, determining the sample size needed to be able to make certain conclusions, for analysing the data and for modelling and prediction. It is highly recommended to include an expert statistician in the project right from the beginning, at the design stage. It will mean that the experiment is set up correctly, that sampling is as efficient as possible and that the data are analysed correctly. The most important statistical concepts and practices relevant to honey bee research and surveying are covered in the BEEBOOK paper on statistical methods (Pirk et al., 2013), to which the reader is referred to for guidance.