2.5. Wax moth mating behaviour

Mating occurs shortly after adult emergence. Both the lesser and greater wax moth males attract the females by producing short ultrasonic signals. The male calls promote wing fanning by the females. This wing fanning causes pheromone release by males, leading to approach by females prior to copulation (Spangler, 1984, 1985, 1987; Jones et al., 2002).