3.2.3. Containers

Several types of containers are recommended for use in rearing wax moths.

  • Larval chamber - containing the eggs, developing larvae, and diet
  • Mating chamber – where adults emerge from their pupal skins and cocoons and mate
  • Oviposition chamber -  where female moths will lay eggs


The size of the containers and method used will largely depend on the scope of the rearing program and the number of wax moths needed. Marston et al., (1975) proposed a large mass-rearing program that spanned multiple rooms with diet prepared in a cement mixer and eggs collected by sieve. Waterhouse (1959) used plastic bags sealed with a paper clip. Metal, glass or plastic containers can be used, but wood, cardboard, and paperboard should be avoided as the larvae can chew through them.