Ernesto Guzman

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InstitutionSchool of Environmental Sciences
University of Guelph
Postal address50 Stone Road East
N1G 2W1
Office phone519-824-4120 Ext. 53609
Research interestsBee biology
 Bee behavior
 Bee pathology
 Bee Genetics
PublicationsEmsen, B., E. Guzman-Novoa, and P.G. Kelly. 2013. Honey production of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies with high and low Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) infestation rates in eastern Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 145: 1-5. DOI: 10.4039/tce.2013.68.
Uribe-Rubio, J.L., T. Petukhova, and E. Guzman-Novoa. 2013. Genotype and task influence stinging response thresholds of honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) workers of African and European descent. Open Journal of Ecology 3 (4): 279-283. DOI: 10.4236/oje.2013.34032.
Guzman-Novoa, E., M. Md. Hamiduzzaman, A. Correa-Benítez, L. G. Espinosa-Montaño, and J.L. Uribe-Rubio. 2013. A scientific note on the first detection of black queen cell virus in honey bees (Apis mellifera) in Mexico. Apidologie. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-012-0191-4.
Delaplane, K.S., J. van der Steen, and E. Guzman-Novoa. 2013. Standard methods for estimating strength parameters of Apis mellifera colonies. Journal of Apicultural Research 52: 1-12. DOI: 10.3896/IBRA.
Emsen, B., T. Petukhova and E. Guzman-Novoa. 2012. Factors limiting the growth of Varroa destructor populations in selected honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 11: 4519-4525.
Guzman-Novoa E., M.M. Hamiduzzaman, L.G. Espinosa-Montaño, A. Correa-Benítez, R. Anguiano-Baez, and R. Ponce-Vázquez. 2012. First detection of four viruses in honey bee (Apis mellifera) workers with and without deformed wings and Varroa destructor in Mexico. Journal of Apicultural Research 51: 342-346. DOI: 10.3896/IBRA.
Hamiduzzaman M.M., A. Sinia, E. Guzman-Novoa and P.H. Goodwin. 2012. Entomopathogenic fungi as potential bio-control agents of the ecto-parasitic mite, Varroa destructor, and their effect on the immune response of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 111: 237-243. DOI: 10.1016/j.jip.2012.09.001
Ament, S.A., C. Blatti, C. Alaux, M.M. Wheeler, A.L. Toth, Y. LeConte, G.J. Hunt, E. Guzman-Novoa, G. DeGrandi-Hoffman, J.L. Uribe-Rubio, G.V. Amdam, R.E. Page, S.L. Rodriguez-Zas, G.E. Robinson and S. Sinha. 2012. Meta-analysis tools reveal common transcriptional regulatory basis for multiple determinants of behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U. S. A. 109(26): 1801-1810.
Backx, A.G., E. Guzman-Novoa and G.J. Thompson. 2012. Factors affecting ovary activation in honey bee workers: A meta-analysis. Insectes Sociaux 59: 381-388.
Unger, P. and E. Guzman-Novoa. 2012. Honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) guarding behaviour may not be a rare task. Canadian Entomologist 144: 1-4.
Guzman-Novoa, E., B. Emsen, P. Unger, L.G. Espinoza-Montaño, and T. Petukhova. 2012. Genotypic variability and relationships between mite infestation levels, mite damage, grooming intensity, and removal of Varroa destructor mites in selected strains of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 110: 314-320.
Guzman-Novoa, E. 2011. Genetic Basis of Disease Resistance in the Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.). In: Comprehensive Biotechnology, Vol. 4. M. Butler, C. Webb, A. Moreira, B. Grodzinski, Z.F. Cui, S. Agathos, and M. Moo-Young (eds.). 2nd. ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 763-767.
Medina-Flores, C., E. Guzman-Novoa, C.F. Aréchiga-Flores, J.I. Aguilera-Soto and F.J. Gutiérez-Piña. 2011. Effect of Varroa destructor infestations on honey yields of Apis mellifera colonies in Mexico’s semi-arid high plateau. Ciencias Pecuarias 2: 313-317.
Guzman-Novoa, E., A. Correa-Benítez, G. Guzman and L.G. Espinoza. 2011. Colonization, impact and control of Africanized honey bees in Mexico. Veterinaria Mexico 42: 149-178.
Guzman-Novoa, E., M.M. Hamiduzzaman, M.E. Arechavaleta-Velasco, G. Koleoglu, P. Valizadeh and A. Correa-Benítez. 2011. Nosema ceranae has parasitized Africanized honey bees in Mexico since at least 2004. Journal of Apicultural Research 50: 167-169.
Melathopoulos, A.P., S.F. Pernal, E. Moller, W. Baumgartner and E. Guzman-Novoa. 2010. A spring evaluation of thymol formulated in a sucrose dust for the control of Varroa destructor, a parasite of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) in Alberta, Canada. Science of Bee Culture 2: 2-6.
Hamiduzzaman, M.M., E. Guzman-Novoa and P.G. Goodwin. 2010. A multiplex PCR assay to diagnose and quantify Nosema infections in honey bees (Apis mellifera). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 105: 151-155.
Currie, R.W., S.F. Pernal and E. Guzman-Novoa. 2010. Honey bee colony losses in Canada. Journal of Apicultural Research 49: 104-106.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., L. Eccles, Y. Calvete, J. McGowan, P.G. Kelly and A. Correa-Benítez. 2010. Varroa destructor is the main culprit for the death and reduced populations of overwintered honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies in Ontario, Canada. Apidologie 41: 443-450. DOI: 10.1051/apido/2009076.
Unger, P. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2010. Maternal effects on the hygienic behavior of Russian x Ontario hybrid honeybees (Apis mellifera L.). Journal of Heredity 101: 91-96. Doi: 10.1093/jhered/esp092. 6 pp.
Gashout, A.H. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2009. Acute toxicity of essential oils and other natural compounds to the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and to larval and adult worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Journal of Apicultural Research 48: 263-269. Doi: 10.3896/IBRA.
Alaux, C., S. Sinha, L. Hasadsri, G.J. Hunt, E. Guzmán-Novoa, G. DeGrandi-Hoffman, J.L. Uribe-Rubio, B.R. Southey, S. Rodriguez-Zas and G.E. Robinson. 2009. Honey bee aggression supports a link between gene regulation and behavioral evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U. S. A. 106: 15400-15405. Doi : 10.1073 pnas.0907043106.
Taylor, M.A., E. Guzmán-Novoa, N. Morfín and M.M. Buhr. 2009. Improving viability of cryopreserved honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) sperm with selected diluents, cryoprotectants, and semen dilution ratios. Theriogenology 72: 149-159. Doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenologgy.2009.02.012.
Rivera-Marchand, B. T. Giray, and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2008. The cost of defense in social insects: insights from the honey bee. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 129: 1-10.
Espinosa-Montaño, L.G, E. Guzmán-Novoa, A. Sánchez-Albarrán, H.H. Montaldo, and A. Correa-Benítez. 2008. Comparative study of three assays to evaluate hygienic behavior in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies. Veterinaria 39: 39-54.
Uribe-Rubio, J.L., E. Guzmán-Novoa, C. Vázquez-Peláez, and G.J. Hunt. 2008. Genotype, task specialization, and nest environment influence the stinging response thresholds of individual Africanized and European honeybees to electrical stimulation. Behavior Genetics 38: 93-100.
Hunt, G.J., G.V. Amdam, D. Schlipalius, C. Emore, N. Sardesai, C.E. Williams, O. Rueppell, E. Guzmán-Novoa, M. Arechavaleta-Velasco, S. Chandra, M.K. Fondrk, M. Beye, and R. E. Page, Jr. 2007. Behavioral genomics of honeybee foraging and nest defense. Naturwissenschaften 94: 247-267.
Emsen, B., E. Guzmán-Novoa, and P.G. Kelly. 2007. The effect of three methods of application on the efficacy of thymol and oxalic acid for the fall control of the honey bee parasitic mite Varroa destructor in a Northern climate. American Bee Journal 147: 535-539.
Espinoza, L.G. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2007. Efficacy of two natural miticides, formic acid and thymol, for control of the mite Varroa destructor in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) in Villa Guerrero, Mexico. Veterinaria 38: 9-19.
Beye, M., I. Gattermeier, M. Hasselmann, T. Gempe, M. Schioett, J. Baines, D. Schlipalius, F. Mougel, C. Emore, O. Rueppell, A. Sirvio, E. Guzmán-Novoa, G.J. Hunt, M. Solignac, and R.E. Page, Jr. 2006. Exceptionally high levels of recombination across the honey bee genome. Genome Research 16: 1339-1344.
Kevan, P.G., M.A. Hannan, N. Ostiguy and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2006. A summary of the varroa-virus disease complex in honey bees. American Bee Journal 146: 694-697.
Saffari, A.M., P.G. Kevan, J.L. Atkinson and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2005. Palatability and efficiency of Feed-Bee, a new bee feed. Honeybee Science 26: 93-97.
Becerra-Guzmán, F., E. Guzmán-Novoa, A. Correa-Benítez and A. Zozaya. 2005. Length of life, age at first foraging, and foraging life of Africanized and European Honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) workers during conditions of resource abundance. Journal of Apicultural Research 44: 151-156.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., G.J. Hunt, R.E. Page Jr., J.L. Uribe-Rubio, D. Prieto-Merlos and F. Becerra-Guzmán. 2005. Paternal effects on the defensive behavior of honeybees. Journal of Heredity 96 (4): 376-380.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and J.L. Uribe-Rubio. 2004. Honey production by European, Africanized and hybrid honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies in Mexico. American Bee Journal 144 (4): 318-320.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., G.J. Hunt, E., J.L. Uribe-Rubio and D. Prieto-Merlos. 2004. Genotypic effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera) defensive behavior at the individual and colony levels: the relationship of guarding, pursuing and stinging. Apidologie 35: 15-24.
Breed, M.D., E. Guzmán-Novoa and G.J. Hunt. 2004. Defensive behavior of honey bees: Organization, genetics and comparisons with other bees. Annual Reviews of Entomology: 49: 271-298.
Gris-Valle, A.G., E. Guzmán-Novoa, A. Correa-Benítez and J.A. Zozaya. 2004. The effect of using to honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queens on colony population, honey production, and profitability in the Mexican high plateau. Tecnica Pecuaria 42: 361-377.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., D. Prieto-Merlos, J.L. Uribe-Rubio and G.J. Hunt. 2003. Relative reliability of four field assays to test defensive behaviour of honey bees (Apis mellifera). Journal of Apicultural Research 42: 42-46.
Hunt, G.J., E. Guzmán-Novoa, J.L. Uribe, D. Prieto-Merlos. 2003. Africanized and European honey bee colony defense. Genotype by environment interactions in guarding behavior. Animal Behavior 66: 459-467.
Hunt, G.J., KV. Wood, E. Guzmán-Novoa, H.D. Lee, A.P. Rothwell and C.C. Bonham. 2003. Discovery of 3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl acetate, a new alarm component in the sting apparatus of Africanized honey bees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29: 451-461.
Uribe-Rubio, J.L., E. Guzmán-Novoa, G.J. Hunt, A. Correa-Benítez and J.A. Zozaya. 2003. The effect of Africanization on honey production, defensive behavior and size of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Mexican high plateau. Veterinaria: 34: 47-59.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., G.J. Hunt, J.L. Uribe, C. Smith and M.E. Arechavaleta. 2002. Confirmation of QTL effects and evidence of genetic dominance of honey bee defensive behavior: results of colony and individual behavioral assays. Behavior Genetics 32: 95-102.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., G.J. Hunt, R.E. Page Jr. and M.K. Fondrk. 2002. Genetic correlations among honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) behavioral characteristics and wing length. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 95: 402-406.
Tomkins, J.P., M. Luo, G.C. Fang, D. Main, J.L. Goicoechea, M. Atkins, D.A. Frisch, R.E. Page, E. Guzmán-Novoa, Y. Yu, G.J. Hunt, and R.A. Wing. 2002. New genomic resources for the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.): development of a deep-coverage BAC library and a preliminary STC database. Genetics and Molecular Research 1: 306-316.
Arechavaleta, V.M.E. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2001. Relative effect of four characteristics that restrain the population growth of the mite Varroa destructor in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. Apidologie 32: 157-174.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page jr. 2000. Pollen collection and foraging force by European and European x Africanized hybrid honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in mixed genotype colonies are similar. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93: 141-144.
Arechavaleta, V.M.E. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2000. Honey production with fluvalinate-treated and untreated honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in Valle de Bravo, Mexico. Veterinaria: 381-384.
Giray, T., E. Guzmán-Novoa, C.W. Aron, B. Zelinsky, S.E. Fahrbach and G.E. Robinson. 2000. Genetic variation in worker temporal polyethism and colony defensiveness in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Behavioral Ecology 11: 44-55.
Nielsen, D.I., P.R. Ebert, R.E. Page Jr., G.J. Hunt and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 2000. Improved polymerase chain reaction-based mitochondrial genotype assay for identification of the Africanized honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93: 1-6.
Page Jr., R.E., M.K. Fondrk, G.J. Hunt, E. Guzmán-Novoa, M.A. Humphries, K. Nguyen and A.S. Greene. 2000. Genetic dissection of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) foraging behavior. Journal of Heredity: 91: 474-479.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page Jr. 1999. Selective breeding of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Africanized areas. Journal of Economic Entomology 92: 521-525.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page Jr. 1999. Breeding Honey Bees in Africanized Areas. In: Apiculture for the 21st Century. R. Hoopingarner and L. Connor, eds. Wicwas Press, Cheshire, CT. pp. 12-14.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R. Vandame, and M. E. Arechavaleta. 1999. Susceptibility of European and Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) to Varroa jacobsoni Oud. in Mexico. Apidologie 30: 173-182.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R.E. Page Jr., H.G. Spangler and E.H. Erickson Jr. 1999. A comparison of two assays to test the defensive behaviour of honey bees (Apis mellifera). Journal of Apicultural Research 38: 205-209.
Giray, T., Z. Huang, E. Guzmán-Novoa and G. Robinson. 1999. Physiological correlates of genetic variation for rate of behavioral development in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 47: 17-28.
Nielsen, D.I., P.R. Ebert, G.J. Hunt, E. Guzmán-Novoa, S.A. Kinee and R.E. Page Jr. 1999. Identification of Africanized honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) incorporating morphometrics and an improved PCR mitotyping procedure. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 92: 167-174.
Hunt, G.J., E. Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page Jr. 1999. Genomic mapping of honey bee defensive behavior. In: Apiculture for the 21st Century. R. Hoopingarner and L. Connor, eds. Wicwas Press, Cheshire, CT. pp. 6-11.
Hunt, G.J., A.M. Collins, R. Rivera, R.E. Page Jr. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 1999. Quantitative trait loci influencing honey bee alarm pheromone levels. Journal of Heredity 90: 585-589.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R.E. Page Jr., and D. Prieto-Merlos. 1998. Queen introduction, acceptance, and survival in honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies of a tropical, Africanized region. Journal of Economic Entomology 91: 1290-1294.
Hunt, G.J., E. Guzmán-Novoa, M.K. Fondrk and R.E. Page Jr. 1998. Quantitative trait loci for honey bee stinging behavior and body size. Genetics 148: 1203-1213.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R.E. Page Jr. and A. Correa-Benítez. 1997. Introduction and acceptance of European Queens in Africanized and European Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) Colonies. American Bee Journal 137: 667-668.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R.E. Page Jr. and D. Prieto-Merlos. 1997. Comparison of three queen finding methods in European and Africanized honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) Colonies. American Bee Journal 137: 665-666.
Page Jr., R.E. and E. Guzmán-Novoa. 1997. The Genetic Basis of Disease Resistance. In: Honey Bee Pests, Predators, and Diseases. R. A. Morse and K. Flottum (eds.). 3rd. ed. A. I. Root Co., Medina, Ohio, pp. 469-492.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and A. Correa Benítez. 1996. Honey bee selective breeding for resistance against the mite Varroa jacobsoni O. Veterinaria 27: 149-158.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., A. Sánchez, R.E. Page Jr. and T. García. 1996. Susceptibility of European and Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera L) and their hybrids to Varroa jacobsoni Oud. Apidologie 27: 93-103.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page. 1994a. Genetic dominance and worker interactions affect honey bee colony defense. Behavioral Ecology 5: 91-97.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page. 1994b. The impact of Africanized bees on Mexican beekeeping. American Bee Journal 134: 101-106.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R.E. Page and M.K. Fondrk. 1994. Morphometric techniques do not detect intermediate and low levels of Africanization in honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87: 507-515.
Guzmán-Novoa, E., R.E. Page and N.E. Gary. 1994. Behavioral and life history components of division of labor in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 34: 409-417.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and N.E. Gary. 1993. Genotypic variability of components of foraging behavior in honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 86: 715-721.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and R.E. Page. 1993. Backcrossing Africanized honey bee queens to European drones reduces colony defensive behavior. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 86: 352-355.
Molina, P.A., E. Guzmán-Novoa, D. Message, D. De Jong, D. Pesante, C. Mantila, A. Zozaya and E.R. Jaycox. 1988. Diseases and Pests of Western Honey Bees. O.I.R.S.A. Sn. Salvador, El Salvador. 44 pp.
Guzmán-Novoa, E. and J.A. Zozaya. 1984. The effects of chemotherapy on the level of infestation and production of honey in colonies of honey bees with Acariosis. American Bee Journal 124: 669-672.