10. March 2023

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Proteomic analysis of summer and winter Apis mellifera workers shows reduced protein abundance in winter samples

Apis mellifera workers display two stages; short lived summer bees that engage in nursing, hive maintenance and foraging, and long lived winter bees (diutinus bees) which remain within the hive and are essential for thermoregulation and rearing the next generation of bees in spring before dying. Label free quantitative proteomic analysis was conducted on A.…