Egyptian Beekeepers’ Practices and challenges

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This study aimed to determine the characteristics of Egyptian beekeepers, to analyze the internal and external environment related to beekeeping sector in Egypt, To measure the level of their practices, and identify the relationship between beekeepers’ practices and characteristics in addition to the role of agricultural extension and other organizations concerned in supporting beekeepers. The study sample included 178 randomly selected beekeepers, in addition to 37 senior beekeepers and exporters who were intentionally selected. Data were collected using a face to face and an online questionnaire which included the main topics of SWOT analysis related to the beekeeping sector in Egypt. The top points of the four topics of SWOT were “Crops diversity and continues blooming” which came as main strength of the internal environment of beekeeping sector, “Death of exported bee packages as a result of airline negligence” representing the most vital weakness. “Ability to produce early swarms making us competitive” was the most important opportunity in beekeeping sector, while “Random and irrational use of agricultural pesticides” represented the most significant threat. It was also found that there is a statistically significant relationship between level of beekeeper’ practices and each of, the number of years of experience, the ownership of apiaries, amount of produced honey, connections with foreign beekeepers, beekeeping information source, encouraging others to work in beekeeping sector, and membership of beekeeping associations. Finally, almost two-thirds of beekeepers reported the absence of official extension services related to beekeeping sector

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