Presence of Nosema ceranae associated with honeybee queen introductions

Abstract Microsporidiosis caused by Nosema species is one of the factors threatening the health of the honeybee(Apis mellifera), which is an essential element in agriculture mainly due to its pollination function. Thedispersion of this pathogen may be influenced by many factors, including various aspects of beekeepingmanagement such as introduction of queens with different origin. Herein…